Contact Us +91 9810-600-235

Genital Tuberculosis Treatment in Delhi

What is Genital Tuberculosis (TB)?

It is an infectious disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is a cause of significant morbidity leading to infertility in 3-16% of the females in India. Genital TB is that form of tuberculosis that can affect any of the female genital organs – ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina and surrounding lymph nodes in the pelvic region.


Minimal pelvic tuberculosis is usually asymptomatic (except for infertility) and pelvic examination fails to reveal evidence of tubal enlargement or tubal-ovarian masses. The incidence of pelvic tuberculosis is difficult to assess as many patients are asymptomatic for 10 to 20 years, therefore the disease often comes to light only during the period of investigation for the gynaecological complaint like difficulty in conceiving.

Common Symptoms of Genital Tuberculosis:

  • For female genital tuberculosis, the major complaints are:
  • Infertility, (most common)
  • Abnormal bleeding,
  • Pelvic pain (Lkower abdominal pain)
  • Amenorrhea( Menstrual irregularities)
  • General Malaise
  • The first and most affected genital organs for female are fallopian tubes which are in about 90-100% of cases, followed by endometrium in 50-60% of the cases and ovary in 20-30% cases.

    Diagnosis of Genital Tuberculosis:

    Following are Some Methods of Diagnosis:

    (A) Histopathological test for the epithelioid granuloma on biopsy

    (B) Polymerase chain reaction(PCR) false positive alone is not sufficient to make the diagnosis

    (C) Diagnoses of genital tuberculosis through Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy can be done by various findings.

    (D) TB gold test

    (E) The diagnosis is made by detection of acid-fast bacilli on microscopy

    (F)Culture on endometrial biopsy

    (G) All other tests are non-specific